Bay – an indentation into the land formed by a body of water and usually larger than an inlet and smaller than
Biome – a major
regional or global biotic community, such as a grassland or desert, characterized chiefly by the dominant forms of plant life
and prevailing climate.
Boundary – the limit or extent
within which a system exists or functions, including a social group, at state, or physical feature.
– an artificial waterway.
Climate – the temperature,
precipitation, winds, etc. that characterize a region. These are the long-term trends in weather elements and atmospheric
- one of seven large landmasses on the Earth, which separates the oceans.
Cultural geography – the study
of how people use space and interact with their environment.
– the fan-shaped piece of land made by deposits of mud and sand at the mouth of a river.
Desert – an area
with little precipitation or where evaporation exceeds precipitation and thus includes sparse vegetation
Themes of Geography –
- Location – where something is:
– the exact position on the globe using addresses, grid coordinates, or the imaginary lines of longitude and latitude
- the location of a place or region in relation to other places or regions (e.g., northwest of or downstream from).
- Place - Particular city, village, or area with distinctive physical and human characteristics
that distinguishes it from other places.
- Human Environment/Interaction – How people change their surroundings like
clearing land to make
farms; and how
people adapt to their environment like building homes with insulation and central heating in cold climates.
- Movement – the moving of people, ideas, information, and products around the world.
- Region – an area with one or more common characteristics or features, which gives
it a measure of homogeneity and makes it different from surrounding areas. Regions can be physical regions; land formations
and climate; human traits that make up a region such as language, religion history and political boundaries.
- an integrated discipline that brings together the physical and human dimensions of the world in the
study of people, place, and environment focusing on the earth’s surface and the processes that shape it, the relationships
between people and environments, and the connections between people and places.
Grasslands – middle-latitude
grasslands are located between the temperate forests and desert biomes. Because of a semiarid climate, grasslands usually
do not have tree cover except along rivers. Wetter grasslands supporting taller grasses are prairies and drier desert margin
grassland regions are called steppes.
Hills – landform features
that may have steep slopes but lower in elevation and characterized by less local relief than a mountain.
– land form where land is completely surrounded by water.
Isthmus – a narrow strip of land connecting two larger land forms.
– a large inland body of water.
Landform - the shape, form, or nature
of a specific physical feature of the earth’s surface; e.g., plain, hill, valley, plateau, bay island
- a naturally occurring, homogeneous inorganic solid substance having a definite chemical composition
and characteristic crystalline structure, color, and hardness.
Resources – anything from the natural environment that people use to meet their needs. They are “gifts
of nature” that are present without human intervention.
Ocean – one of the large bodies of salt water that covers nearly three fourths
of the surface of the Earth.
Peninsula –land form where a portion of land is surrounded on three side by water.
Physical Features –
natural characteristics of the earth’s surface such as land forms, climate, winds, and ocean currents.
- landform feature characterized by gentle slopes and minimum of local relief .
– landform features characterized by high elevation and gentle upland slopes (e.g., the Grand
Canyon area of the United States.
the people who inhabit a political entity or region
– a natural waterway.
Rural – areas
of low population density.
Site – the specific place where something is located, including its
physical setting (e.g., on a floodplain).
unconsolidated material found at the surface of Earth, which is divided into layers (or horizons) characterized by the accumulation
or loss of organic and inorganic compounds. Soil types and depths vary greatly over Earth’s surface, and are very much
influenced by climate, organisms, rock type, local relief, time, and human activity.
– a short narrow passageway connecting two large bodies of water.
Urban – an area characterized
as a city or town where the population density is greater than in the surrounding area and is acknowledged as a major cultural,
service, and production location in a region.
- an area of land drained by a river and its tributaries.
– atmospheric conditions as regards to temperature, moisture, winds.
Wetlands - productive
land areas that are flooded for at least part of the year.